Survey Papers

{{< bibitem   author = “AlNoamany, Y., AlSum, A., Weigle, M. C., & Nelson, M. L.”   year = “2014”   title = “Who and what links to the Internet Archive”   j-title = “International Journal on Digital Libraries”   pubinfo = “14(3-4), 101–115." >}}

Online Community

Marwick, A. E., & boyd, danah. (2011). I tweet honestly, I tweet passionately: Twitter users, context collapse, and the imagined audience. New Media & Society, 13(1), 114–133.


Summary: All communicative acts have an imagined audience they are aimed at. Users with smaller numbers of followers spoke about authenticity and using Twitter to communicate with friends. Users with larger followings were more strategic in their messages, sometimes siloing conversations based on hashtags or focusing on particular content such as political messaging. The problem of authenticity was raised by multiple respondents. Personal authenticity and audience expectations needed to be balanced in order to grow an audience. The networked audience is a combination of previous audience types, writer and broadcaster, which includes random followers who have an expectation of more authentic behavior on Twitter. Twitter flattens multiple audiences into a single entity - “context collapse”. Respondents either self-censored to avoid certain topics, or balanced targeted tweets with personal information or revelation.

Notable parts: The analysis pointed back to Meyrowitz (1985) book No Sense of Place as well as Goffman Presentation of Self. Micro-celebrity culture and Dean (2002), Hearn (2008), Sternberg (1998).

Method: Recruitment message sent to followers on Twitter and then retweeted. Replies and direct messages were collected in response to questions such as ‘who do you imagine reading your tweets?’ and ‘what won’t you tweet about? what subjects are inappropriate for Twitter?’. 221 responses received from 181 Twiter users.

Stephansen, H. C., & Couldry, N. (2014). Understanding micro-processes of community building and mutual learning on Twitter: a “small data” approach. Information, Communication & Society, 17(10), 1212–1227.

Kavada, A. (2015). Creating the collective: social media, the Occupy Movement and its constitution as a collective actor. Information, Communication & Society, 18(8), 872–886.